Despite a great renaissance in gender equality and empowerment, Pakistan still lags behind many other countries in gender parity index. Global gender parity report 2015 reveals that Pakistan - on global index - is ranked at 144th number out of 145 countries. This rating is indicative of a daunting state of gender equality in Pakistan. In prevailing social attribution on the other hand,
the term “gender” is often referred to being a man or woman; while TGPs are generally ignored in this definition. Therefore, policy making and provision of human rights are mainly directed to men and women. Majority of the people do not have inclination to accept transgender identity.
Thus, TGPs face mass disappointment when they claim their basic human rights. Although we observed a slight historic move when Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan declared “transgender” as a third gender in 2009, and issued orders for provision of equal rights to TGPs. However government institutions paid a little concentration to this move; and provision of human rights to TGPs could not be materialized due to poor heeding to this aspect.
Notwithstanding the persistent trivialization, human rights discrimination with third gender has emerged as a grave issue. On the one hand, insufficient legislation exists for provision of equal human rights to this community; while on the other hand, enforcement of available legislation seems very poor. Subsequently, the members of this community are deprived from their basic
human rights whatsoever enshrined in national constitution and orders. A number of cases from different parts of the country come to screen every month regarding human right violation, violence and sexual abuse with them. (Case of Alisha is a live example of violence and inhuman behavior of our society, and corroborates the stated scenario.) They are generally considered misfit and disgraceful for majority of the jobs, and are denied from employment frequently. For
survival, they are confined to adopt professions of prostitution, dancing and begging. This all has been leading them to spend their lives in isolation, deprivation and vulnerability. Though exact population of transgender-persons is still unknown in the country; however, according to an estimate, there are 80,000 to 300,000 transgender-persons (with majority living in Punjab province). They have been long grappling with the system to access their basic human rights. Their struggle, however, could not achieve desired results. They not only have complains with general people but also public institutions which are unable to ensure equal provision of human rights to them. Many of them assert that their concerns are not properly dealt by public institutions with the reason they neither fall in men nor women category. Due to their controversial sex-identity and living style, the public institutions feel hesitation in extending
cooperation for them. The institutions have their own limitations in terms of low capacity, scarcity of resources, poor implementation of existing national laws, and inadequate polices/laws with respect to rights of third gender. Even there are so many anecdotes and complaints that police illegally arrests TGPs. Local administrations generally prohibit trans-community to celebrate their events (particularly birthdays), with the reason they use sound speakers and alcohol. If they celebrate such events and enjoy dance, the police interrupt their functions and arrest them. They are supposed to take special permission from the administration to celebrate birthdays, and sometimes their functions are interrupted despite taking the due permission.